Top Ten Earthquake Prone Countries In The World – Earthquake is wobbly and shaking of the earth’s surface that has brought immense devastation to human lives and property. It has broken the lives of millions of people all over the world and has rendered thousands homeless. Every year many parts of the earth are affected by earthquakes. Moreover, an earthquake is also a primary cause of tsunamis and volcanic eruptions in several areas causing further damage.
Typically, the entire world is divided into various seismic zones by intensity or scale of quakes and tectonic plates. Since there’s no monitoring device to predict earthquake beforehand, it is critical that we are well prepared in the event of any natural calamity. Thus, it becomes required to know more about the earthquakes prone countries in the world. Here’s a list of top ten earthquakes prone countries in the world 2016.
List of Top Ten Earthquake Prone Countries In The World 2016 Ranking
Jakarta or usually known as Indonesia is highly weak to earthquakes and other physical disasters. Earthquakes have created immense damages to the buildings, resources as well as human lives in the past years. Volcanic eruptions are also prevalent in this country. Last year, a quake of magnitude 6.1 Richter scale hit the Northern Sumatra causing hundreds of casualties and 35 inevitable deaths.
Turkey falls within the seismic zone between Eurasian plates, African, and Arabian plates. Adulthood part of the country lies on the Anatolian plate. That’s why earthquake can hit any part of the country anytime. Many earthquakes of Richter scale ranging between 6-7.2 have hit several states of Turkey in the past. Due to its greatest vulnerability to earthquakes, it is often reported that the country witnesses earthquake of medium scale every day.
Mexico has faced many earthquakes in the past, and the extent of devastation has been exemplified due to the poorly designed structures of buildings, houses, etc. Consequently, several thousand people had lost their lives owed to earthquakes. Mexico primarily falls in one of the most seismically active areas on the surface of the earth as it is situated on three tectonic plates namely, North American plate, Cocos plate, and Pacific plate. The rates of volcanic eruptions are also high due to the movement of tectonic plates. A quake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale hit the country in 2014 causing several casualties in the city of Guerrero.
7. El Salvador
El Salvador is prone to quakes and other usual calamities. They have created several casualties and ruined property as well. Moreover, the size of earthquakes recorded in the past has been extremely high on the Richter scale.
Pakistan is another earthquake affected the country in the world. Pakistan is geologically situated atop the tectonic plates, namely Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates. As Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the edge of Indian plate, Baluchistan lies within the Eurasian plate. The nation has been a victim of several deadly earthquakes measuring as high as 7.8 on the Richter scale. It has been reported that thousands of people were rendered homeless, and several people were injured.
The Philippines is a densely populated island that primarily lies on the edge of the Pacific plate, commonly known as Pacific “Ring of Fire.” Ring of fire is typically a seismic warm zone that encircles the country. Quakes measuring high on the Richter level have caused deadly volcanic eruptions in the past too. The number of losses and injuries have been reported to be very high.
Ecuador is a land of several active volcanoes, and thus, their presence gets it a very dangerous place to be in the event of high- magnitude tremors and quakes. Ecuador Country lies within the seismic zone among Nazca Plate and South American Plate. The principal active faults of the country run parallel to the Andes such as the Pallatanga and Chingual faults, and different are north-south trending reverse faults such as the Quito fault.
India has a history of many deadly earthquakes. But, the primary reason for the high frequency and intensity of the shocks has been the Indian plate moving at the rate of 47 mm/year. Due to the shifting of tectonic plates, India has suffered massive damages due to Tsunami in the southern states. But, the effect of the damages has been multiplied assorted due to poor structural design, lack of preparedness and awareness among the civilians. Initially, India has been divided into five zones by the intensity of the quakes and peak ground accelerations. The most troubled areas including Kashmir, Himalayas, and Rann of Kutch fall in zone 5.
Nepal is a seismically lively area and thus, according to estimates, a citizen in Nepal is two times more likely to be killed in an earthquake than any other national in the world. Quakes measuring as high as eight on the Richter scale had hit the country in the past. One such large disaster to strike Nepal was in 1934 measuring 8.2 on the Richter scale.
Japan has a long history of disastrous earthquakes. It is originally situated on the Pacific “Ring of Fire”. As a result of the subsection of the Philippine Sea plate beneath the American Plate and Okinawa Plate, Japan has been a victim of several high-intensity tremors. One such deadliest quake shook the nation on 11 March 2011 which also proved to be the costliest natural disaster for the state. So, the Fukushima nuclear accident following the tsunami had attracted worldwide concerns.